SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC DETERMINANTS OF MENTAL DISORDERS

Authors

  • Junaid Zeb Department of Medicine, Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Tariq Shah Students, Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad, Pakistan
  • Haidar Zaman Department of Medicine, Ayub Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad
  • Muhammad Umer Farooq Students, Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Moosa Students, Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Saleem Khattak Students, Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad, Pakistan
  • Saba Ambareen Students, Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad, Pakistan
  • Sadaf Habib Students, Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad, Pakistan

Keywords:

Mental disorders, socio-demographic factors, mental health

Abstract

Background: Having a sound mind in a sound body is vital to make a stable society. Even more vital is to find, diagnose, and treat mental disorders before they lead society to suffer. About 10 to 17% of general population in Pakistan suffers from mental disorders and it spends only 0.4% of the meagre health budget on mental health. This study aimed to describe the socio-demographic factors of mental illnesses in local population. Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted in Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad in 6 months from March to August 2016. Data were collected from 104 patients who were selected randomly by convenient non-probability technique and analysed using SPSS-23. Results: Out of total 104 patients, 56 were males and 48 were females; 40.83% were from urban while 59.62% were from rural areas. Singles were 43.3%, married were 48.1%, while 4.8% were divorced and 3.8% were widowed. Regarding socioeconomic status, 90.4% patients were of low socioeconomic class, 7.7% were of middle, while 21.9% were of high socioeconomic class. All patients were Muslims, 59.6% were living in joint family, 28.8% in nuclear family, 9.6% in extended, 0.9% in commune, and 0.9% in non-family system. Twenty-seven (26%) patients gave a positive family history of mental disorders. Behaviour of community with 85.6% patients was caring, 8.7% patients were kept in isolation, while 5.8% patients said that they had been neglected by the community. Depression (45.2%) followed by anxiety (11.5%), dissociative disorder (5.8%), and schizophrenia (5.8%) were the main findings. Conclusion: Mental disorders were more prevalent in females, young age, married people, living in urban areas with poor hygienic measure, low socioeconomic class and those with significant family history.

Pak J Physiol 2016;12(4):33-6

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Published

31-12-2016

How to Cite

1.
Zeb J, Shah MT, Zaman H, Farooq MU, Moosa M, Khattak MS, et al. SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC DETERMINANTS OF MENTAL DISORDERS. Pak J Phsyiol [Internet]. 2016 Dec. 31 [cited 2024 Jun. 13];12(4). Available from: https://pjp.pps.org.pk/index.php/PJP/article/view/632