EFFECT OF INTENSIVE EXERCISE ON LUNG VOLUMES: ATHLETE VERSUS NON-ATHLETE CHILDREN

Authors

  • Sara Sadiq Department of Physiology, CMH Institute of Medical Sciences, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
  • Javaria Latif Department of Physiology, CMH Institute of Medical Sciences, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
  • Azizullah Langah Department of Pediatric Medicine, Peoples University of Health Sciences, Nawabshah, Pakistan
  • Nasima Iqbal Department of Pathology, Baqai Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Syed Fazal e Karim Faisal Department of Anesthesia, Fazaia Ruth Pfau Medical College, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Aitmaud uddolah Khan Department of Pharmacology, Liaquat National Hospital and Medical College, Karachi, Pakistan

Keywords:

Pulmonary function test, Lung function test, Athletes, Physical exercise, Spirometry, Reference values

Abstract

Background: Age, sex, height, weight, ethnicity, smoking habits, physical fitness, exercise, and environmental conditions can all influence spirometry results. Objective of this study was to find out the spirometry lung volumes among athlete children and their comparison with non-athlete children. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out with children and adolescents aged 7–18 years from April to October 2021. A modified version of The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Questionnaire 17 was used. Height, weight and body measurements were recorded. Forced Vital Capacity (FVC), Forced Expiratory Volume in 1st second (FEV1), FEV1/FVC, Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR), Forced Expiratory Flow between 25% and 75% expired volume (FEF25–75%) were measured. Data analysis was done on SPSS-20. Results: The FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC ratio, PEF, and FEF25–75% were 2.24±0.75, 2.06±0.73, 93.01±4.62, 233.3±69.9 and 2.72±1.1 respectively. There was a direct increase in lung volumes with age from children to adolescent and were more among athletes as compared to non-athletes. Mann-Whitney U test showed normal distribution of all pulmonary functions variables including FVC, FEV1, PEFR, and FEF25–75% among athletes as well as non-athletes. The independent t-test reported a significant variation of all pulmonary function variables among athletes and non-athletes at a confidence interval of 95% (p?0.000). Conclusion: Age and physical exercise are important factors influencing spirometry reference values and therefore, they should be considered when using spirometry. The physical exercise, particularly intensive exercise in athletes improves lung volumes and should be encouraged in young children.

Pak J Physiol 2022;8(4):7?10

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Author Biography

Sara Sadiq, Department of Physiology, CMH Institute of Medical Sciences, Bahawalpur, Pakistan

Department of Physiology, CMH Institute of Medical Sciences, Bahawalpur, Pakistan

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Published

31-12-2022

How to Cite

1.
Sadiq S, Latif J, Langah A, Iqbal N, Faisal SF e K, Khan MA uddolah. EFFECT OF INTENSIVE EXERCISE ON LUNG VOLUMES: ATHLETE VERSUS NON-ATHLETE CHILDREN. Pak J Phsyiol [Internet]. 2022 Dec. 31 [cited 2024 Apr. 15];18(4):7-10. Available from: https://pjp.pps.org.pk/index.php/PJP/article/view/1436