PREVALENCE OF ANEMIA IN PREGNANT WOMEN

  • Kanza Hamid Department of Anatomy, AJK Medical College, Muzaffarabad, Pakistan
  • Madiha Ajaz Department of Anatomy, Postgraduate Medical Institute, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Mehtab Akhter Department of Haematology, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Sher Afghan Khan Department of Pharmacology, Northwest School of Medicine, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Shakil Sadiq Department of Anatomy, AJK Medical College, Muzaffarabadm Pakistan
  • Fauzia Aitazaz Department of Physiology, AJK Medical College, Muzaffarabad, Pakistan
Keywords: Anaemia, iron deficiency, pregnancy, status, prevalence, Kashmir, women

Abstract

Background: Anaemia is defined as a medical condition in which the red blood count or haemoglobin is lower than normal levels. Deficiency of haemoglobin can be due to lack of vitamin B12, folic acid and iron, extreme blood loss or nutrient-deficit diet. Anaemia during pregnancy is harmful both to mother and foetus. It can cause pre-mature delivery and birth defects. Iron supplementation is often recommended to pregnant women. The aim of study was to find out prevalence of anaemia in pregnant women. Methods: The study was carried out using quantitative methods. A sample of 300 participants was taken using purposive sampling technique. Socio-demographic data was collected from participants after informed consent. Haemoglobin levels were recorded for each participant using Blood Complete Picture already available with them. Results: There exists high prevalence (74.6%) of anaemia in pregnant women. The prevalence is much higher (80.3%) in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy. Low intake of meat was observed in 73% of the anaemic women. Low intake of other iron rich food was also observed in more than 50% of the participants. Only 93 participants had their MCV reports with them (53.7% among them had low MCV). This high rate of prevalence is associated with iron-deficient diet and unawareness about seriousness of the problem. Conclusion: There is high prevalence of anaemia among pregnant women associated with iron-deficient diet and lack of awareness. Introducing screening tests for anaemia, raising public awareness, and educating females about importance of nutrition diet are recommended.

Pak J Physiol 2021;18(1):16‒9

Author Biographies

Madiha Ajaz, Department of Anatomy, Postgraduate Medical Institute, Lahore, Pakistan

Mphil Scholar, Department of Anatomy, Post graduate Medical Institute Lahore.

Mehtab Akhter, Department of Haematology, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, Pakistan

Post graduate resident ( Mphil student), Department of Haematology, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar.

Sher Afghan Khan, Department of Pharmacology, Northwest School of Medicine, Peshawar, Pakistan

Assistant Professor, Northwest school of Medicine, Hayatabad, phase 5 Peshawar.

Muhammad Shakil Sadiq, Department of Anatomy, AJK Medical College, Muzaffarabadm Pakistan

Associate Professor of Anatomy, AJK Medical College, Muzaffarabad.

Fauzia Aitazaz, Department of Physiology, AJK Medical College, Muzaffarabad, Pakistan

Assistant Professor of Physiology, AJK Medical College, Muzaffarabad.

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Published
2022-03-31
How to Cite
1.
Hamid K, Ajaz M, Akhter M, Khan SA, Sadiq M, Aitazaz F. PREVALENCE OF ANEMIA IN PREGNANT WOMEN. PJP [Internet]. 31Mar.2022 [cited 4Jul.2022];18(1):16-9. Available from: https://pjp.pps.org.pk/index.php/PJP/article/view/1426