COMPARISON OF CONTACT LENS HYGIENE COMPLIANCE AND SELF-MANAGEMENT BEHAVIOURS BETWEEN MEDICAL AND NON-MEDICAL STUDENTS
Background: Contact lenses are commonly worn by young population for many purposes such as vision correction, cosmetic causes and as a fashion trend. It can cause serious eye infections and corneal ulcers, sometimes resulting into loss of vision. The aim of study was to compare the contact lens hygiene compliance and self-management behaviour between medical and non-medical students of Saudi Arabia. Methods: Five hundred (500) young contact lens wearers with an age range of 18â€“28 years were selected conveniently from student population of Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh. After taking informed consent from the participants, their level of contact lens hygiene compliance and self-management was assessed by using a peer-reviewed questionnaire. Results: The mean age of the participants was 21Â±2 years. Out of 500 students, 38% were medical and 62% were non-medical students. Fifty-six percent (56%) students were wearing contact lens for cosmetic reasons while 44% students were using it for the correction of their myopic refractive error. The self-management behaviour was statistically significant among non-medical students (p=0.026). There was no significant difference between the two groups regarding the compliance of the contact lens hygiene but the knowledge and awareness about the risks and complications was statistically high in the medical students (p=0.028). Conclusion: Self-management with contact lens use was very common among non-medical students of Saudi Arabia. They were good in lens hygiene compliance, but their knowledge about risks and complications of contact lens use and accessories care was significantly low.
Pak J Physiol 2018;14(2):11â€“4
2. Haddad MF, Bakkar M, Gammoh Y, Morgan P. Trends of contact lens prescribing in Jordan. Cont lens Anterior Eye 2016;39(5):585â€“8.
3. Leeamornsiri S, Titawattanakul Y. Comparative knowledge and behavior of contact lens care between medical and non-medical students. J Med Assoc Thai 2015;98:S16â€“23.
4. Khan MH, Mubeen SM, Chaudhry TA, Khan SA. Contact lens use and its compliance for care among healthcare workers in Pakistan. Indian J Ophthalmol 2013;61:334â€“7.
5. Boyd K, Pagan-Duran B. Contact lens types. Am Acad Ophthalmol 2016. Available from: https://www.aao.org/eye-health/glasses-contacts/contactlens-types
6. British Contact Lens Association. Types of contact lenses. Available from: https://bcla.org.uk/Public/Consumer/Types_ of_contact_lenses.aspx
7. Bui T, Cavanagh H, Robertson D. Patient compliance during contact lens wear: Perceptions, awareness, and behavior. Eye Contact Lens 2010;36(6)334â€“9.
8. Hickson-Curran S, Chalmers RL, Riley C. Patient attitude and behavior regarding hygiene and replacement of soft contact lenses and storage case. Cont Lens Anterior Eye 2011;34(5):207â€“15.
9. Abahussin M, AlAnazi M, Ogbuehi KC, Osuagwu UL. Prevalence, use and sale of contact lenses in Saudi Arabia: Survey on university women and non-ophthalmic stores. Cont Lens Anterior Eye 2014;37(3):185â€“90.
10. Bhandari M, Hung PR. Habits of contact lens wearer towards lens care in Malaysia. Med J Malaysia 2012;67(3):274â€“7.
11. Tajunisah I, Ophth M, Reddy SC, Phuah SJ. Knowledge and practice of contact lens wear and care among medical students of University of Malaya. Med J Malaysia 2008;63(3):207â€“10.
12. Steinemann TL, Fletcher M, Bonny AE, Harvey RA, Hamlin D, Zloty P, et al. Over-the-counter decorative contact lens cosmetic or medical devices. A case series. Eye Contact Lens 2005;31(5):194â€“200.
Pakistan Journal of Physiology, Pak J Physiol, PJP is FREE for research and academic purposes. It can be downloaded and stored, printed, cited and quoted with full reference of, and acknowledgement to the PJP.