Prevalence of dyslipidemia in hypertensive and diabetic patients
Background: Hypertension and diabetes play a major role in development of cardiovascular disorders. Dyslipidemia also plays a central role in the progression of atherosclerotic disease. This study aims to assess the association of dyslipidemia in diabetic and hypertensive patients as this population is at a higher risk of ischemic heart diseases. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Pathology Department of Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad. Using WHO calculator, a sample size of 130 was calculated. All participants were above 18 years of age. The patients with previous history of myocardial infarction, stroke, type 1 diabetes, with fasting blood glucose >126 mg/dl, and who did not give consent were excluded from the study. Fasting lipid profiles of all the participants were carried out. Study outcome was measured in terms of percentages of diabetic and hypertensive patients having dyslipidemia. Results: The mean age of the patients was 44.9±9.4 years. Out of 130 cases, 48.4% participants were diabetic and 51.6% had hypertension. Dyslipidemia was found in 68.1% diabetic and 71.6% hypertensive patients and this association was significant (p<0.001). Conclusion: Dyslipidemia is directly associated with diabetes and hypertension. Strict monitoring of diabetic and hypertensive patients with dyslipidemia should be done to avoid development of cardiovascular disorders.
Pak J Physiol 2020;16(2):38−40
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