ASSOCIATION OF GENDER WITH ABO AND RH BLOOD GROUPS - A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY
Background: Both the blood group types ABO and Rh are inherited in Mendelian fashion and are important from transfusion point of view. The objective of this study was to make the gender-based comparison of frequency of ABO and Rh blood groups among the medical and dental students of Sharif Medical and Dental College, Lahore. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from Sep 2015 to Sep 2017. Blood groups of 514 students was determined by conventional methods and data was analysed with SPSS for gender differences. Results: A total of 514 students were included in the study. Out of 514 students, 186 (36.18%) were males and 328 (63.18%) were females. Out of the males 170 (91.4%), and out of females 301 (91.8%) were Rh positive. The prevalence of Rh negative group in male subjects was 8.6%, and in female subjects it was 8.2%. The frequencies of A, B, O and AB blood groups in Rh positive males were 23.66%, 31.18%, 29.03% and 7.53% respectively, and among females, it was 19.82%, 39.63%, 21.34% and 10.98% respectively. In Rh negative males the frequencies of A, B, O and AB blood groups were 1.08%, 3.76%, 2.15% and 1.61% respectively, and among females these were 1.22%, 2.74%, 3.35% and 0.91% respectively. Frequency comparison of ABO and Rh blood groups across the two genders was not significant (p=0.17 and 0.88 respectively) Conclusion: No statistically significant association of gender was found with ABO and Rh blood groups.
2. Javed M, Akhtar MN, Muzaffar S. Frequency of ABO and Rh blood groups in patients with diabetes mellitus. Pak J Med Health Sci 2017;11(1):114â€“6.
3. Pasha AK, Hashir MM, Khawar S. Frequency of ABO blood groups among medical students. J Surg Pak 2009;14(2):93â€“5.
4. Ahmad S. Prevalence frequency of ABO and Rhesus blood groups in human in district Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan. Am J Biosci 2015;3(4):141â€“4.
5. Chandra T, Gupta A. Prevalence of ABO and Rhesus blood groups in northern India. J Blood Disord Transfus 2012;3(5):132.
6. Anwar B, Kaleem F, Moazzam A, Rizvi SR, Karamat KA. Distribution of blood groups in population of Lehtrar Road Islamabad. J Islamabad Med Dent Coll 2013;2(1):13â€“6.
7. Shaheen S, Nouroz F, Mujtaba G, Noreen S, Farooq M. A study on seroprevalence of ABO blood groups in Lahore, Pakistan. J Rashid Latif Med Coll 2014;3(2):24â€“7.
8. Hemalatha NR, Bhagya V. Frequency and distribution of blood groups among medical students in Davanagere. J Pub Health Med Res 2015;3(1):1â€“4.
9. Khattak ID, Khan TM, Khan P, Shah SM, Khattak ST, Ali A. Frequency of ABO and Rhesus blood groups in District Swat, Pakistan. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2008;20(4):127â€“9.
10. Ilyas M, Iftikhar M, Rasheed U. Frequency of ABO and Rh blood groups in Gujranwala (Punjab), Pakistan. Biologia (Pakistan) 2013;59(1):107â€“14.
11. Hemaltha NR. ABO and Rh blood group distribution among medical students in Mandya. Int J Contemp Med Res 2017;4(8):1655â€“8.
12. Jawed S, Zia S, Tariq S. Frequency of different blood groups and its association with BMI and blood pressure among the female students of Faisalabad. Pak J Med Assoc 2017;67(8):1132â€“7.
13. Tesfaye K, Petros Y, Andargie M. Frequency distribution of ABO and Rh (D) blood group alleles in Silte Zone, Ethiopia. Egypt J Med Human Gen 2015;16(1):71â€“6.
14. Pasha AK, Hashir MM, Khawar S. Frequency of ABO blood groups among medical students. J Surg Pak 2009;14(2):93â€“5.
15. Erahbor O, Isaac IZ, Saidu A, Ahmed HM, Abdulrahaman Y, Festus A, et al. The distribution of ABO and rhesus blood groups among residents of Gusau, Zamfara State, North Western Nigeria. Res Rev J Med Health Sci 2013;2(4):58â€“63.
16. Odukuma EI, Okolo AC, Aloamaka PC. Distribution of ABO and Rh blood groups in Abraka Delta State. Niger J Physiol Sci 2007;22(1-2):89â€“91.
17. Kanwal S, Qureshi HJ, Aslam MS, Masood S. Frequency of ABO and Rh blood groups in students of Akhtar Saeed Medical and Dental College, Lahore. Pak J Physiol 2016;12(1):29â€“30.
18. Khan MU, Bashir MW, Rehman R, Kiani RA. Frequency of ABO and Rh (D) blood groups among blood donors in Lahore, Pakistan. Inter J Adv Biol Biomed Res 2014;29:597â€“600.
19. Alamgeer, Noor N, Khan H, Akram S. Study about health consciousness and awareness of blood groups in the selected population of University of Sargodha. Pharmacology Online (Newsletter) 2011;2:1119â€“25.
20. Alam M. ABO and Rhesus blood groups in potential blood donors at Skardu (Northern Areas). Pak J Pathol 2005;16:947.
21. Butt DS, Malik S, Khalid MZ, Aziz M, Humayun A. Gender distribution of ABO and Rhesus blood groups among medical students of a public medical school in Lahore, Pakistan. Proceeding Shaikh Zayed Postgrad Med Comp 2016;30(2):77â€“81.
Copyright (c) 2018 Pakistan Journal of Physiology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Pakistan Journal of Physiology, Pak J Physiol, PJP is free for research and academic purposes. It can be downloaded and stored, printed, cited and quoted with full reference of, and acknowledgement to the PJP.