SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC AND CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF NEWLY DIAGNOSED TYPE 2 DIABETICS —A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

Authors

  • Fatima Qayyum Department of Endocrinology, Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad, Pakistan
  • Sarwar Malik CDA Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Fayyaz Hussain Malik CDA Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Sidra Qayyum Malik Health Department, Government of KPK, Pakistan
  • Hina Rani Inayat CDA Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Fauzia Aitazaz Department of Physiology, AJK Medical College, Muzaffarabad, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.69656/pjp.v20i2.1580

Keywords:

Diabetes Mellitus, Newly diagnosed, Socio-demography, Dyslipidemia, HbA1c

Abstract

Background: Five-hundred-thirty-six million adults are living with diabetes worldwide, 33 million in Pakistan ranking 3rd in position globally. We aimed to see the sociodemographic, baseline clinical and metabolic profile of newly diagnosed patients of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). Methods: Sociodemographic data of 98 patients aged ?18 years presenting to Endocrinology Department of CDA Hospital Islamabad was collected on a self-developed questionnaire. The inclusion criteria were newly diagnosed T2DM patients, seeking medical advice to initiate therapy. Baseline clinical and metabolic profiles were recorded. Patients already on therapy were excluded. The data was analysed using SPSS-25. Results: Mean age of the patients was 48.92±12.46 years with female predominance (54, 55.1%). Mean Body Mass Index (BMI) was 29.15±4.99 Kg/m2, waist circumference 102.69±10.19 Cm, and HbA1c was 9.62±2.19%. Eighty-one (82.7%) patients belonged to families with monthly income PKR 30,000–40,000 (lower socio-economic status), 59 patients had <7 years of schooling (60.2%), 51 patients had a negative family history of T2DM (52%), 79 patients were diagnosed within the last 6 months (80.6%), and 44 patients did not have co-morbidities (44.9%). Osmotic symptoms were present in 77 (77.8%) of patients at presentation. Complications of T2DM were present in 18 (18.4%) patients at baseline. Conclusion: T2DM is more prevalent in middle aged, overweight, female patients belonging to low socioeconomic status and have osmotic symptoms as main presenting complaint, HbA1c of 9.62%, and 52% patients had a negative family history of T2DM. The complications of T2DM were seen only in 18% at presentation.

Pak J Physiol 2024;20(2):19-23

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Published

30-06-2024

How to Cite

1.
Qayyum F, Malik S, Malik FH, Malik SQ, Inayat HR, Aitazaz F. SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC AND CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF NEWLY DIAGNOSED TYPE 2 DIABETICS —A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY. Pak J Phsyiol [Internet]. 2024 Jun. 30 [cited 2024 Jul. 21];20(2):19-23. Available from: https://pjp.pps.org.pk/index.php/PJP/article/view/1580