INCIDENCE OF OCULAR TRAUMA AMONG THE PATIENTS HOSPITALIZED IN THE OPHTHALMOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF AYUB TEACHING HOSPITAL

Authors

  • Umer Maqsood Postgraduate Resident Ophthalmology, Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad, Pakistan
  • Danish Zafar Department of Ophthalmology, Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad, Pakistan
  • Hassan Shahzad Medical Officer, Health Department, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
  • Zulfiquar Ali Department of Ophthalmology, Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad, Pakistan

Keywords:

Ocular Trauma, Ocular Injury, Corneal Laceration, Intraocular foreign body, Eyelids laceration

Abstract

Background: Ocular trauma is leading cause of mono or binocular vision deterioration. This study was conducted to determine the incidence of ocular trauma in patients in our set-up. Methods: A retrospective observational study was done from Nov 2021 to Jan 2022 on all admitted patients for age, gender, occupation and activity at the time of injury, nature of injury, and traumatic agent. Data were classified into 5 groups on basis of trauma setting. Injuries were grouped in accordance with Birmingham Eye Trauma Terminology System. Results: The total number of patients admitted to the Ophthalmology Department was 458. Out of these, 61 (13.31%) patients were admitted with Ocular trauma. Ocular trauma was highest in age group of 1–20 years (59%), followed by age group 21–40 years (31.1%). Ocular trauma was very frequent (39.34%) in 1st decade of life. Males were most affected (80.3%). The most common setting for ocular injuries was sports/playtime (44.26%) followed by work-related injuries (27.86%) and household/indoor injuries (16.39%). Blunt objects accounted for most trauma (50.81%) followed by sharp objects (45.9%). Wood (39.34%) was the most common traumatic agent followed by stone (24.59%). Cornea (43.47%) was the most frequently damaged tissue followed by eyelids (41.30%). Conclusion: Ocular trauma was highest during sports/playtime, especially in the first decade of life. There is a need for parents’ education regarding the risk of ocular trauma with trivial objects such as toys and utensils and the impact of ocular trauma on vision.

Pak J Physiol 2023;19(4):29–31

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Published

31-12-2023

How to Cite

1.
Maqsood U, Zafar D, Shahzad H, Ali Z. INCIDENCE OF OCULAR TRAUMA AMONG THE PATIENTS HOSPITALIZED IN THE OPHTHALMOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF AYUB TEACHING HOSPITAL. Pak J Phsyiol [Internet]. 2023 Dec. 31 [cited 2024 Feb. 27];19(4):29-31. Available from: https://pjp.pps.org.pk/index.php/PJP/article/view/1553