• Jamil Ahmed Kayani Department of Physiology, AJK Medical College, Muzaffarabad, Pakistan
  • Hina Munir Department of Physiology, AJK Medical College, Muzaffarabad, AJK, Pakistan
  • Aftab Hussain Khan Department of Community Medicine, AJK Medical College, Muzaffarabad, AJK, Pakistan
  • Farooq Ahmed Department of Nephrology, AJK Medical College, Muzaffarabad, AJK, Pakistan
  • Sana Waqas Department of Physiology, Mohi-u-Din Islamic Medical College, Mirpur, AJK, Pakistan
  • Fozia Atif Department of Physiology, Fazaia Medical College, Islamabad, Pakistan



Normal Values, Reference Values, Hematological indices, Hemoglobin, Red Blood Cell, Adult, Male, Blood Count


Background: For each population, its own normal reference values should be established. Reference values for haemoglobin concentration (Hb con) and red blood cells count (RBC#) have been worked out for different populations. This study was conducted to determine normal reference values for Hb con and RBC# for adult male population in district Muzaffarabad. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in district Muzaffarabad from Jul 2019 to Feb 2020. A total of 384 healthy adult local males, aged 18–50 years, were enrolled through stratified random sampling. Collection of information and blood sampling were carried out in the community. Levels of Hb con and RBC# were assessed using Sysmex Haematology Analyzer. Comparison of determined reference values was made between different groups of study population and with reference values already being used. Results: Mean age of study population was 29.11±9.26 years with a range of 18–50 years. Mean value of Hb was 13.05 g/dL (9.73–16.37 g/dl) and RBC# 4.58 million/µL (3.4–5.76 million/µL) respectively. Determined values were compared between different groups of study population and with the reference values being used. Conclusion: Normal reference values for Hb con and RBC# for adult male population in district Muzaffarabad were different from values which are being used.

Pak J Physiol 2023;19(4):3-5


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How to Cite

Kayani JA, Munir H, Khan AH, Ahmed F, Waqas S, Atif F. REFERENCE VALUES FOR HAEMOGLOBIN LEVEL AND RED CELL COUNT FOR ADULT MALE POPULATION OF MUZAFFARABAD. Pak J Phsyiol [Internet]. 2023 Dec. 31 [cited 2024 Jul. 23];19(4):3-5. Available from: