Early postoperative complications of cataract surgery in diabetic patients
Background: Progressions in technology and expertise has made cataract surgery a common and safe procedure now but this might be associated with early postoperative complications in diabetics. The objective of this study was to determine the occurrence of early postoperative complications after cataract surgery among diagnosed cases of diabetes mellitus. Methods: This clinical observational analytical study was carried at Department of Ophthalmology, Liaquat University Eye Hospital, Jamshoro from May to Oct 2018. Diagnosed diabetic patients who underwent cataract surgery, were enrolled for this study. The patients with early senile cataract and diagnosed cases of diabetes mellitus with normal arterial pressure and better macular function were included. Patients were enquired for early postoperative findings after cataract surgery. Data was analysed using SPSS-22. Mean±SD for quantitative variables and frequency (%) for qualitative were calculated. Results: Total 91 diabetic patients were included in the study. Early postoperative complications of cataract surgery in diabetic patients were compared according to duration of diabetes mellitus. Visual acuity of most patients remained between 6/6 and 6/24. Diabetics for >5 years were more prone to early postoperative complications as compared to those with <5 years. Statistically significant differences between early postoperative complications in the two groups were observed (p=0.01). Conclusion: Though frequency of complications after cataract surgery has decreased due to advances in surgical techniques, better preoperative assessment, and understanding of diabetes control, still early postoperative complications are common in individuals with longer duration of diabetes.
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