RELATIONSHIP OF BODY MASS INDEX AND WAIST HIP RATIO WITH SCORES OF DEPRESSION, ANXIETY AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN FEMALES

  • Hamid Hassan Department of Physiology, Nishtar Medical University, Multan, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Abdullah Department of Physiology, Nishtar Medical University, Multan, Pakistan
  • Hafsa Naseer Department of Physiology, Nishtar Medical University, Multan, Pakistan
  • Amna Mahmood Department Of Physiology, Nishtar Medical University Multan, Pakistan
  • Maria Siddiqui Department of Physiology, Nishtar Medical University Multan, Pakistan
  • Naveera Ayub Department of Physiology, Nishtar Medical University, Multan, Pakistan
Keywords: depression, anxiety, obesity, female medical students, medical education, academic score

Abstract

Background: Enhanced adipose tissue is likely to affect an individual’s mental health. This study aimed to link its indices (BMI/WHR) with indices of depression/anxiety in female medical students. Methods: One hundred and six female medical students were equally divided into non-obese (BMI≤24.9+WHR<0.8) and obese (BMI>24.9+WHR≥0.8) groups. Depression/anxiety scores were calculated using Aga Khan University Anxiety Depression Scale (AKUADS), Beck’s Depression Inventory (BDI) and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) while last exam percentage was considered as an indicator of academic performance. Results: AKUADS and BDI scores of obese subjects were higher than those of non-obese subjects (p=0.018 and p=0.030 respectively) while academic score of obese subjects was lesser than that of non-obese subjects (p<0.0001). Within non-obese and obese subjects, and within total study population AKUADS scores were positively correlated to BMI and WHR (rho=0.39, p=0.00), (rho=0.38, p=0.00), (rho=0.36, p=0.00), (rho=0.38, p=0.00) and (rho=0.35, p=0.00), (rho=0.35, p=0.00) respectively. BDI scores within non-obese group, obese group, and in total population were positively correlated to BMI and WHR too (rho=0.40, p=0.00), (rho=0.40, p=0.00), (rho=0.32, p=0.01), (rho=0.34, p=0.01), and (rho=0.30, p=0.00), (rho=0.31, p=0.00) respectively. AKUADS and BDI scores had a negative correlation with academic score in both non-obese and obese subjects (rho= -0.29, p=0.03), (rho= -0.30, p=0.02), and (rho= -0.44, p=0.00), (rho= -0.35, p=0.00) respectively. Conclusion: Within obese female medical students enhanced degree of depression/ anxiety affects academic performance considerably; this calls for shrewder monitoring of their mental wellbeing.

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Published
2021-09-30
How to Cite
1.
Hassan H, Abdullah M, Naseer H, Mahmood A, Siddiqui M, Ayub N. RELATIONSHIP OF BODY MASS INDEX AND WAIST HIP RATIO WITH SCORES OF DEPRESSION, ANXIETY AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN FEMALES. PJP [Internet]. 30Sep.2021 [cited 18Jan.2022];17(3):65-9. Available from: https://pjp.pps.org.pk/index.php/PJP/article/view/1237