Urinary electrolytes in non-obese, non-diabetic patients of essential hypertension in relation to age and sex

  • Zafar Hussain Tanveer Department of Physiology, Sheikh Zayed Medical College, Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan.
  • Sajida Zafar Nishtar Medical University, Multan, Pakistan
  • Ali Abuzar Raza Department of Pathology, Nishtar Medical University, Multan, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Naeem Institute of Pure & Applied Biology, Bahauddin Zakaria University, Multan, Pakistan
Keywords: Electrolytes, Hypertension, Essential hypertension, Normotensive, Sodium, Potassium

Abstract

Background: Urinary electrolytes have been under investigation as important parameters for diagnosis of essential hypertension. This study was conducted to determine the urinary electrolytes in non-obese, non-diabetic patients of essential hypertension in relation to age and sex. Methods: Five hundred age and sex matched subjects aged 10–60 years having essential hypertension were selected on standard cross-sectional design excluding secondary hypertensives. 24-hours urinary electrolytes of the subjects were compared to those in normotensives. Urinary electrolytes in women were compared to age matched hypertensive men. Results: Significantly higher values of electrolytes were found in essential hypertensives compared to normotensives. The electrolytes were significantly higher in men compared to age matched women. Conclusion: Increased 24-hour urinary electrolytes indicate that sodium and potassium are contributing factors in pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases including essential hypertension.

Pak J Physiol 2019;15(3):16−8

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Published
2019-08-18
How to Cite
1.
Tanveer Z, Zafar S, Raza A, Naeem M. Urinary electrolytes in non-obese, non-diabetic patients of essential hypertension in relation to age and sex. PJP [Internet]. 18Aug.2019 [cited 9Apr.2020];15(3):16-8. Available from: https://pjp.pps.org.pk/index.php/PJP/article/view/1184