Urinary electrolytes in non-obese, non-diabetic patients of essential hypertension in relation to age and sex
Background: Urinary electrolytes have been under investigation as important parameters for diagnosis of essential hypertension. This study was conducted to determine the urinary electrolytes in non-obese, non-diabetic patients of essential hypertension in relation to age and sex. Methods: Five hundred age and sex matched subjects aged 10–60 years having essential hypertension were selected on standard cross-sectional design excluding secondary hypertensives. 24-hours urinary electrolytes of the subjects were compared to those in normotensives. Urinary electrolytes in women were compared to age matched hypertensive men. Results: Significantly higher values of electrolytes were found in essential hypertensives compared to normotensives. The electrolytes were significantly higher in men compared to age matched women. Conclusion: Increased 24-hour urinary electrolytes indicate that sodium and potassium are contributing factors in pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases including essential hypertension.
Pak J Physiol 2019;15(3):16−8
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