• Usman Shahid Butt Khaja Muhammad Safdar Medical College, Sialkot, Pakistan
  • Anam Iqbal Al-Aleem Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Nasreen Akhtar Al-Aleem Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Sara Qazi Wapda Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Zaryab Ali DHQ Hospital, Hafizabad, Pakistan
  • Rahat Abdul Rahman Department of Forensic Sciences, University of Health Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
Keywords: finger printing, criminals, finger print patterns, dermatoglyphics, criminal intent


Background: The researches carried out on various type of human behaviour showed that it has been impacted upon by genetic as well as environment components. The aggressive behaviour having intent of criminality is also governed by both environmental and genetic makeup. Here we have analysed and explored environmental factors. Methods: Samples from 100 convicted criminals and 100 from general population were taken with simple convenient sampling, after obtaining informed consent and maintaining strict confidentiality. Fingerprints of both left and right thumb were taken on ten print cards. The environmental element was checked by studying association of any specific fingerprint pattern with the criminal intent. Right thumb of offenders was compared with that of normal population. Results: It became cleared that number of loop pattern was high in normal population, i.e., 60% as compared to 44% of offenders. The arch pattern was 9% in general population and 2% in offenders. The whorls were high in offenders 54%, as compared to 32% in general population. The statistical analysis of right hand was performed by chi square test and the p=0.002, statistically significant. Left thumb showed no significant differences between the two groups. Conclusion: This study reveals the association of dermatoglyphics with criminal intent. The right hand can be a significant tool in scrutinizing criminals on large scale.

Pak J Physiol 2021;17(2):35–7


Robinson PH. Mens Rea. Encyclopedia of Crime and Justice. Available at: [Retrieved on March 2, 2021]

Fazel S, Seewald K. Severe mental illness in 33,588 prisoners worldwide: systematic review and meta-regression analysis. Br J Psychiatry 2012;200(5):364–73.

Andreoli SB, Dos Santos MM, Quintana MI, Ribeiro WS, Blay SL, Taborda JG, et al. Prevalence of mental disorders among prisoners in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil. PloS One 2014;9(2):e88836.

Valença AM, de Moraes TM. [Relationship between homicide and mental disorders]. Braz J Psychitary 2006;28(Suppl 2):S62–8.

Tripodi SJ, Pettus-Davis C. Histories of childhood victimization and subsequent mental health problems, substance use, and sexual victimization for a sample of incarcerated women in the US. Int J Law Psychiatry 2013;36(1):30–40.

Ramirez SR, Jeglic EL, Calkins C. An examination of the relationship between childhood abuse, anger and violent behavior among a sample of sex offenders. Health Justice 2015;3(1):14.

Cummins H, Midlo C, (Eds). Finger prints, palms and soles : an introduction to dermatoglyphics. New Dover ed., unabridged and corr. New York: Dover Publications; 1961.

Mozayani A, Noziglia C, (Eds). The forensic laboratory handbook: procedures and practice. 2nd ed. New York, N.Y: Humana Press; 2011. 600 p.

Modi RBJP, (Ed). Textbook of Medical Jurisprudence and Toxicology. 6th ed. Kent: Elsevier; 2013.

Kapoor N, Badiye A. Sex differences in the thumbprint ridge density in a central Indian population. Egypt J Forensic Sci 2015;5(1):23–9.

Eboh DEO. Digital dermatoglyphic patterns of Amioma and Urhobo students in two tertiary institutions of Delta state, southern Nigeria. J Med Biomed Res 2012;11(2):90–6.

Cho C. Finger dermatoglyphics of Australian aborigines in the northern territory of Australia. Korean J Biol Sci 2000;4(1):91–4.

Namouchi I. Anthropological significance of dermatoglyphic trait variation: an intra-Tunisian population analysis. Int J Mod Anthropol 2011;1(4):12–27.

Shirazi M, Fardin MA, Arab A, Piri Z. A Comparison of Mental Disorders in Two Groups of Prisoners Charged with Premeditated Murder and Kidnapping. Ann Mil Health Sci Res 2016;14(2):65–9.

Thomas EG, Spittal MJ, Heffernan EB, Taxman FS, Alati R, Kinner SA. Trajectories of psychological distress after prison release: implications for mental health service need in ex-prisoners. Psychol Med 2016;46(3):611–21.

Macciò A, MeloniFR, Sisti D, RocchiMBL, Petretto DR, Masala C, et al. Mental disorders in Italian prisoners: results of the REDiMe study. Psychiatry Res 2015;225(3):522–30.


Download data is not yet available.
How to Cite
Butt U, Iqbal A, Akhtar N, Qazi S, Ali Z, Rahman R. DERMATOGLYPHICS ASSOCIATION WITH CRIMINAL INTENT. PJP [Internet]. 30Jun.2021 [cited 29Sep.2022];17(2):35-7. Available from: