Pakistan Journal of Physiology (Pak J Physiol, PJP), owned and published by Pakistan Physiological Society, is an Open Access Journal and is FREE for academic and research use only. It is a Peer Reviewed Journal and publishes original research work in all areas of Human & Animal Physiology. Pakistan Journal of Physiology enjoys expertise of a galaxy of Editorial Board members and reviewers expert i their field of specialization.

The contents published online or in print editions are copyrighted. No part of this publication may be reproduced or stored in any retrieval media without permission of the editor.

All articles published, including editorials, letters, and book reviews represent the opinions of the authors and do not reflect the official policy of Pakistan Journal of Physiology, Pakistan Physiological Society, or the Institution with which the author is affiliated unless this is clearly specified.

SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPTS:

All submissions are electronic to reduce manuscript delays. Submit your articles as a MS Word file attachment to the following email address:

pjp@pps.org.pk

PJP is not funded by any agency and is publishing on contribution from authors. Nominal Processing and Publication Fees are born by the authors to cover the printing expenses. Processing Fee amounting to PKR 1,000 is to be remitted with submission of the article. The Publication Fee, payable on acceptance of the article is PKR 5,000 for a maximum of 3 pages; extra and coloured pages are charged PKR 1,000 per page. For foreign authors, the Processing Fee is US$ 10, and the Publication Fee is US$ 50 for maximum 3 pages; extra and coloured pages are charged US$ 10 per page. The Publication Fee includes packing and postage for the Author's Copy.

All queries should be directed to:

Editor, Pakistan Journal of Physiology,

through Department of Physiology,

Ayub Medical College,

Abbottabad-22040, Pakistan.

Email: pjp@pps.org.pk.

Before submission of the articles, the authors should see instructions for authors published in every issue of the PJP.