EFFECT OF TRANSCUTANEOUS ELECTRICAL NERVE STIMULATION IN PAIN REDUCTION AND VENOUS BLOOD FLOW AUGMENTATION IN VARICOSE VEIN PATIENTS

  • Hina Munir Islamic International Medical College, Riphah University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Shazia Ali Islamic International Medical college, Riphah University
  • Abubakar Siddique Mohiuddin Islamic Medical College , Mirpur
  • Saira Safdar Islamabad Medical and Dental College
  • Sobia Waqas Islamic International Medical College,Rawalpind
  • Jameel Ahmed Kiani AJK Medical college, Muzaffarabad
Keywords: Varicose veins, Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation

Abstract

Background: Patients with varicose veins experience pain in affected leg which is due to venous blood stasis in the lower limb therefore it is essential to determine the severity of pain along with venous blood flow in the affected area. For this purpose the study was conducted to observe the effect of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation for pain reduction and venous blood flow augmentation. Methods: In this study, 80 subjects were included which were divided into Group A (Healthy controls) n=40 and Group B (Varicose vein patients) n=40 which was further subdivided into Group 1 (Varicose vein controls) and Group 2 (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation application). Numeric Rating Scale was used to measure pain score and Duplex Ultrasound was done to measure popliteal vein peak flow velocity (Cm/Sec) and blood flow (mL/min) in both Group A, Group 1 and Group 2 (before and after experiment). Results: The Mean±SD of Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) in Group 2 (5.56±0.651) was statistically significantly reduced (p=0.004) as compared to Mean±SD in Group 1 (7.36±0.757).  Similarly the Mean±SD of popliteal vein peak flow velocity (15.20±1.42) and popliteal vein blood flow (93.08±5.049) was statistically significantly raised (p=0.001) as compared to mean±SD of popliteal vein peak flow velocity (10.06±1.31) and popliteal vein blood flow (71.04±2.894) in Group 1. Conclusion: TENS can be used as an effective adjunctive treatment modality in patients suffering from varicose veins.

Pak J Physiol 2021;17(2):31–4

Author Biographies

Hina Munir, Islamic International Medical College, Riphah University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Department of Physiology, AJK Medical College, Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan.

Shazia Ali, Islamic International Medical college, Riphah University

HOD Physiology, Islamic International Medical College, Rawalpindi

Abubakar Siddique, Mohiuddin Islamic Medical College , Mirpur

Assistant Professor Physiology,Mohiuddin Islamic Medical College , Mirpur

Saira Safdar, Islamabad Medical and Dental College

senior Lecturer Physiology,Islamabad Medical and Dental College,Islamabad

Sobia Waqas, Islamic International Medical College,Rawalpind

Assistant Professor Physiology

Physiology Department, Islamic International Medical College,Rawalpind

Jameel Ahmed Kiani, AJK Medical college, Muzaffarabad

Lecturer PhysiologyAJK Medical college, Muzaffarabad

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Published
2021-06-30
How to Cite
1.
Munir H, Ali S, Siddique A, Safdar S, Waqas S, Kiani J. EFFECT OF TRANSCUTANEOUS ELECTRICAL NERVE STIMULATION IN PAIN REDUCTION AND VENOUS BLOOD FLOW AUGMENTATION IN VARICOSE VEIN PATIENTS. PJP [Internet]. 30Jun.2021 [cited 27Sep.2021];17(2):31-4. Available from: http://pjp.pps.org.pk/index.php/PJP/article/view/1353